The CD27 molecule is expressed on a portion of natural killer (NK) cells as well as T and B cells. To provide the functional capacity of CD27 molecule on NK cells, we here highly purified CD3- CD56+ NK cells by flow cytometry (purity >98%), and investigated their NK cell activity via CD27/CD70 interaction using a CD70-transfectant by a 4 h 51Cr-release assay. The enhancement of NK activity by purified NK cells in the presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) or interleukin-12 (IL-12) against CD70/Nalm-6 was not recognized as compared to against mock/Nalm-6. However, after a coculture with the fixed CD70/300 19, the purified NK cells increased the NK cell activity against K562, the value being 10 to 20% higher than coculture with the mock/300-19 in the presence of IL-2 or IL-12. The enhancement of NK activity was blocked by the addition of anti-CD70 monoclonal antibody (mAb). In addition, conjugation of NK cells to the target was increased by coculture with the CD70/300 19 without increased expression of adhesion molecules. In the parallel experiment, there was no increase in the killing capacity of NK cells. These results strongly show that CD27/CD70 interaction directly enhances NK activity in the presence of IL-2 or IL-12 by increasing the effector and target conjugate formation, indicating that CD27/CD70 interaction plays an important role in the cytotoxic function of NK cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy