Cd161 expression on mucosa-associated invariant T cells is reduced in HIV-infected subjects undergoing antiretroviral therapy who do not recover cd4+ t cells

Michael L. Freeman, Stephen R. Morris, Michael M. Lederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a recently identified class of in-nate-like T cells that are involved in the mucosal immune response. MAIT cells are characterized by expression of TCR Vα7.2 and CD161. In HIV infection, there is a profound early loss of MAIT cells from the circulation that never fully recovers, even after prolonged viral control with antiret-roviral therapy (ART). Methods: We analyzed PBMCs from fresh whole blood from HIV-negative or ART-treated HIV-positive donors with full (Immune Success) or impaired (Immune Failure) CD4+ T-cell recovery by flow cytometry for T-cell markers, TCR Vα7.2, and CD161. The PBMCs were cultured with or without TCR-mediated stimulation, and CD161 expression was assessed on Vα7.2+ T cells. Interferon-γ (IFNγ) production was assessed by intracellular cytokine staining. Results: We found a decrease in the percentage of CD3+ T cells that expressed CD161 and the percentage of Vα7.2+ T cells that expressed CD161, in HIV-infected individuals. We also found a significant increase in the percentage of T cells that were Vα7.2+CD161-in immune failure compared to controls, accompanied by an increase in the percentage of Vα7.2+CD161-T cells that express CD8+ in donors with immune failure, but not immune success. After TCR stimulation in vitro, Vα7.2+ T cells reduced expression of CD161, yet Vα7.2+ CD161-cells from immune failure donors retained the ability to express IFNγ on stimulation. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that in immune failure patients, the reduction in peripheral MAIT cells is due, at least in part, to a loss in CD161 expression, and is not merely the result of trafficking into mucosal tissues or cell death. These CD161-cells retain their function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-351
Number of pages17
JournalPathogens and Immunity
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Immune Failure
  • MAIT cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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