Cavernous malformation of the oculomotor nerve mimicking a partially thrombosed posterior communicating artery aneurysm: Report of two cases

Stacey Quintero Wolfe, Glen Manzano, David J. Langer, Jacques J. Morcos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Cavernous malformations of the cranial nerves are exceedingly rare. The classic radiographic appearance of cavernous malformations may not be obvious when located in a cranial nerve. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present 2 cases of acute oculomotor paresis caused by cavernous malformations of the oculomotor nerve that were mistaken for a thrombosed posterior communicating artery aneurysm on magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance angiography, and digital subtraction angiography. Both patients underwent a craniotomy with exploration of the lesion. Both cavernous malformations were completely resected while the integrity of the third cranial nerve was maintained. One patient experienced complete resolution of the oculomotor palsy. CONCLUSION: Although rare, cavernous malformations should be included in the differential diagnosis of a partially thrombosed posterior communicating artery aneurysm. Exploration and complete lesional resection are possible with improvement of the cranial nerve function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E470-E474
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cavernoma
  • Oculomotor nerve
  • Partially thrombosed aneurysm
  • Posterior communicating artery aneurysm
  • Third nerve palsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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