Introduction. Cathepsin K is overexpressed in several tumors associated with microphthalmia transcription factor (MiTF) family or mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) upregulation. Among renal neoplasms, MiTF translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC), perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComa), and eosinophilic solid and cystic RCC have demonstrated Cathepsin K immunoreactivity. In this study, we demonstrate a uniform Cathepsin K expression in oncocytoma, chromophobe RCC (CHRCC), and distal tubules. Design. We stained 13 oncocytomas, 13 CHRCC, 14 clear cell RCC (CCRCC), 9 papillary RCC (PRCC), 9 PEComas, and 5 MiTF RCC. Additionally, we assessed immunoreactivity for Cathepsin K in non-neoplastic renal parenchyma. Immunolabeling was performed on regularly charged slides from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue with monoclonal anti-rabbit antibodies to human Cathepsin K (clone EPR19992, Abcam). Results. All oncocytomas demonstrated diffuse strong cytoplasmic immunolabeling. CHRCC demonstrated uniform less intense immunolabeling in all cases with membranous accentuation. The assessment of the non-neoplastic renal parenchyma in all cases showed strong cytoplasmic immunoreaction in distal tubules and proximal tubules stained faintly. Mesangial cells were not immunoreactive. All MiTF RCC and PEComas were immunoreactive for Cathepsin K, whereas CCRCC and PRCC were negative in all cases. Conclusions. In this study, we expand the spectrum of renal neoplasms reactive with a particular clone of Cathepsin K (EPR19992). Distal tubules are strongly immunoreactive for Cathepsin K. Our conclusions need to be taken into consideration when differential diagnosis includes MiTF RCC or PEComa and this Cathepsin K clone is included in the immunohistochemical panel. This newer antibody clone was not tested in prior publications, potentially explaining the difference in conclusions.
- Cathepsin K
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine