Case report: Vitreous hemorrhage as the presenting sign of retinal cavernous hemangioma in a newborn

Benjamin J. Fowler, Lilla Simon, Nathan L. Scott, Catherin I. Negron, Audina M. Berrocal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To report a case of vitreous hemorrhage as the presenting sign of retinal cavernous hemangioma (RCH) in a newborn. Observations: A five-week-old full-term male with a history of seizures and birth trauma underwent ophthalmology screening. Initial eye examination revealed vitreous hemorrhage. Subsequent examination under anesthesia with multi-modal imaging revealed vitreous hemorrhage and an intra-retinal mass with numerous sac-like aneurysmal dilatations, consistent with RCH. Conclusions and importance: Vitreous hemorrhage in a neonate is an atypical presentation of RCH. Clinicians should be aware that birth trauma may lead to vitreous hemorrhage from RCH. This is the first description of RCH, a rare retinal vascular tumor, in a newborn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101174
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Birth trauma
  • Retinal cavernous hemangioma
  • Seizures
  • Tuberous sclerosis
  • Vitreous hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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