Carrying position influences infant behavior

Tiffany Field, Julie Malphurs, Kirsten Carraway, Martha Pelaez-Nogueras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Three-month-old infants were carried by their mothers in a soft infant carrier designed for infants being faced inward or faced outward. A within subjects comparison of these two positions revealed that when the infants were carried facing-in, they spent significantly more time sleeping and were rarely actively awake and looking at the environment. In contrast, the infants were more active in the facing-out position including more time moving their arms, head turning, kicking and looking at their environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics


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