Internal carotid artery stenosis accounts for about 7–10 % of ischemic strokes. Conventional risk factors such as aging, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smoking increase the risk for carotid atherosclerosis. All patients with carotid stenosis should receive aggressive medical therapy. Carotid revascularization with either endarterectomy or stenting can benefit select patients with severe stenosis. New clinical trials will examine the contemporary role of carotid revascularization relative to optimal medical therapy.
- Carotid stenosis
- Carotid stenting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine