Carnosine protects pancreatic beta cells and islets against oxidative stress damage

Vitale Miceli, Mariangela Pampalone, Giovanna Frazziano, Giuseppe Grasso, Enrico Rizzarelli, Camillo Ricordi, Anna Casu, Gioacchin Iannolo, Pier Giulio Conaldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Islet transplantation is a valid therapeutic option for type 1 diabetes treatment. However, in this procedure one of the major problems is the oxidative stress produced during pancreatic islet isolation. The aim of our study was to evaluate potential protective effects of L-carnosine and its isomer D-carnosine against oxidative stress. We evaluated the carnosine effect on cell growth, cell death, insulin production, and the main markers of oxidative stress in rat and murine stressed beta cell lines as well as in human pancreatic islets. Both isomers clearly inhibited hydrogen peroxide induced cytotoxicity, with a decrease in intracellular reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, prevented hydrogen peroxide induced apoptosis/necrosis, nitrite production, and reduced glucose-induced insulin secretion. In addition, NF-κB expression/translocation and nitrated protein induced in stressed cells was significantly reduced. Furthermore, both isomers improved survival and function, and decreased reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and nitrite and nitrotyrosine production in human islets cultured for 1, 3, and 7 days. These results seem to indicate that both L and D-carnosine have a significant cytoprotective effect by reducing oxidative stress in beta cell lines and human islets, suggesting their potential use to improve islet survival during the islet transplantation procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Carnosine
Oxidative stress
Insulin-Secreting Cells
Oxidative Stress
Isomers
Reactive Nitrogen Species
Islets of Langerhans Transplantation
Nitrites
Islets of Langerhans
Hydrogen Peroxide
Reactive Oxygen Species
Cells
Insulin
Cell Line
Survival
Cell growth
Protein Transport
Cell death
Cytotoxicity
Medical problems

Keywords

  • Beta cell line
  • Carnosine
  • Diabetes
  • Oxidative stress
  • Pancreatic islet transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Carnosine protects pancreatic beta cells and islets against oxidative stress damage. / Miceli, Vitale; Pampalone, Mariangela; Frazziano, Giovanna; Grasso, Giuseppe; Rizzarelli, Enrico; Ricordi, Camillo; Casu, Anna; Iannolo, Gioacchin; Conaldi, Pier Giulio.

In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miceli, Vitale ; Pampalone, Mariangela ; Frazziano, Giovanna ; Grasso, Giuseppe ; Rizzarelli, Enrico ; Ricordi, Camillo ; Casu, Anna ; Iannolo, Gioacchin ; Conaldi, Pier Giulio. / Carnosine protects pancreatic beta cells and islets against oxidative stress damage. In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 2018.
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