The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the current trends in the care of facial trauma. Data were obtained through the responses of a survey mailed to all those members and candidates listed in the 1989 American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons Directory. A total of 2777 questionnaires were sent, with 1113 (40 percent) returned by means of a self-addressed envelope. Demographic results show that over 70 percent of the treating plastic surgeons fall within the age range 30 to 50 years. Although significant advances have occurred, treatment goals have remained unchanged. These center around the principles of accurate reduction and precise stabilization of fracture segments. The results of this survey reveal that a number of acceptable techniques were employed in the surgical repair of mandibular and zygomatic complex fractures. In the care of Le Fort III fractures, 59 percent of the respondents preferred the use of miniplates and screws for stabilization. Only 26.8 percent believed that facial fracture repair should be performed within the initial 24 hours. With frontal sinus fractures, the vast majority of plastic surgeons (82.1 percent) obtained a neurosurgical consultation. When the posterior wall was involved, 45.6 percent favored removal of the sinus mucosa, 29.7 percent obliterated the frontal sinus with a variety of autogenous materials, while 20.5 percent preferred cranialization. In summary, this survey shows a wide variation in the practice of facial fracture management within the plastic surgical community.
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