Cardiovascular risk factor change-1973-1974 to 1980-1982: the minnesota heart survey

Russell V. Luepker, David R. Jacobs, Aaron R. Folsom, Richard F. Gillum, Ivan D. Frantz, Orlando W Gomez-Marin, Henry Blackburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reductions in population risk factor levels, including blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and cigarette smoking may be associated with the observed decline in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality rates. However, few recent population-based comparisons of risk trends are available. To evaluate changes in these risk characteristics in the recent period, data were compared from two surveys performed in the same metropolitan area using similar methods. The Lipid Research Clinic (LRC) Prevalence Study surveyed a population sample of 4185 adults aged 25 59 in 1973-1974. The Minnesota Heart Survey (MHS) surveyed a population sample of 2914 adults of the same age in the same metropolitan area in 1980-1982. The average systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly lower in the 1980-1982 survey averaging 1.5/3.8 mmHg for men and 1.6/2.8 mmHg for women. The use of anti-hypertensive medications increased significantly over the period while the prevalence of hypertension was similar. Significant declines in mean serum cholesterol were also observed in 1980-1982, averaging 3.3 mg, dl for men and 5.5 mg /dl women. The prevalence of regular cigarette smoking in men was also lower in 1980-1982. 36.3 vs 42.1 in 1973-1974. Women had a lower prevalence of smoking (38.8-35.6%) but the average woman smoker increased consumption of cigarettes while the average man did not. These observations suggest that population risk defined by these characteristics is declining which may explain part of recent Minnesota trends in CVD mortality and could have a favorable effect on future disease patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-833
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Population
Smoking
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cholesterol
Mortality
Tobacco Products
Antihypertensive Agents
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Hypertension
Lipids
Serum
Research

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cholesterol
  • Hypertension
  • Population survey
  • Risk factors
  • Trends in cardiovascular disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Luepker, R. V., Jacobs, D. R., Folsom, A. R., Gillum, R. F., Frantz, I. D., Gomez-Marin, O. W., & Blackburn, H. (1988). Cardiovascular risk factor change-1973-1974 to 1980-1982: the minnesota heart survey. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 41(9), 825-833. https://doi.org/10.1016/0895-4356(88)90098-4

Cardiovascular risk factor change-1973-1974 to 1980-1982 : the minnesota heart survey. / Luepker, Russell V.; Jacobs, David R.; Folsom, Aaron R.; Gillum, Richard F.; Frantz, Ivan D.; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W; Blackburn, Henry.

In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Vol. 41, No. 9, 01.01.1988, p. 825-833.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luepker, RV, Jacobs, DR, Folsom, AR, Gillum, RF, Frantz, ID, Gomez-Marin, OW & Blackburn, H 1988, 'Cardiovascular risk factor change-1973-1974 to 1980-1982: the minnesota heart survey', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 825-833. https://doi.org/10.1016/0895-4356(88)90098-4
Luepker RV, Jacobs DR, Folsom AR, Gillum RF, Frantz ID, Gomez-Marin OW et al. Cardiovascular risk factor change-1973-1974 to 1980-1982: the minnesota heart survey. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 1988 Jan 1;41(9):825-833. https://doi.org/10.1016/0895-4356(88)90098-4
Luepker, Russell V. ; Jacobs, David R. ; Folsom, Aaron R. ; Gillum, Richard F. ; Frantz, Ivan D. ; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W ; Blackburn, Henry. / Cardiovascular risk factor change-1973-1974 to 1980-1982 : the minnesota heart survey. In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 1988 ; Vol. 41, No. 9. pp. 825-833.
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