Cardiovascular and neurohumoral responses to behavioral challenge as a function of race and sex.

N. J. Tischenkel, P. G. Saab, N. Schneiderman, R. A. Nelesen, R. D. Pasin, D. A. Goldstein, S. B. Spitzer, R. Woo-Ming, D. J. Weidler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiovascular and hormonal responses to a structured interview, an electronic video game, a cold pressor test, and exercise on a bicycle ergometer were assessed in eighty-three 25- to 44-year-old normotensive Black and White men and women. Blacks showed significantly greater diastolic blood pressure (DBP) responses than Whites during the cold pressor test, which were not accounted for by an increase in plasma catecholamines. Exercise produced reliably greater systolic blood pressure (SBP) increases in Black women than in Black men or White women. Men showed significantly greater SBP and DBP changes than women during the video game. These findings suggest that the pattern of physiological reactivity elicited by challenge is related to the race and sex of the subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-524
Number of pages22
JournalHealth psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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