All patients with carcinoma of the cervix, FIGO Stage IB, treated at the University of Minnesota Hospitals during a 10-year period were reviewed. Of the 220 patients 31 (14.0%) developed recurrent disease and did not survive. Thirteen patients had pelvic wall recurrences, with concurrent cervical involvement. No patient had a resectable pelvic recurrence. Hysterectomy was subsequently performed on 10 of the 172 patients who received radiation therapy. Carcinoma was not present in any of the operative specimens although two patients with adenocarcinoma later died of metastatic cancer. Median time of recurrence was 9 months, with median survival following recurrence of 6 months. Cervical cytology was not of value in the early diagnosis of recurrent disease. The 5-year adjusted actuarial survival rate for patients with adenosquamous carcinoma was significantly lower than that for patients with squamous cell carcinoma. The median age of patients not surviving with adenosquamous carcinoma was significantly lower than that for patients not surviving with squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with invasive carcinoma presumably confined to the cervix may have disseminated disease. It is essential such selected patients receive primary treatment that includes systemic therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology