Carbon combustion synthesis and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles

Karen S. Martirosyan, Long Chang, James Rantschler, Sakhrat Khizroev, Dan Luss, Dmitri Litvinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cobalt ferrite CoFe2O4 crystalline nanoparticles (50-100 nm) were produced by carbon combustion synthesis of oxides (CCSO). In this combustion synthesis process, the exothermic oxidation of carbon generates a thermal reaction wave that propagates through the solid reactants mixture of CoO and Fe2O3 converting it to cobalt ferrite. The extensive emission of CO2 increased the porosity and friability of the product. The quenching front method combined with XRD and VSM characterization revealed that crystalline CoFe2O4 particles formed in the early stage of the combustion, before the temperature reached its maximum. The maximum value of the coercivity of the quenched product within the front region was 940 Oe with a magnetization of 15 emu/g. The as-synthesized ferrites had hard magnetic properties with coercivity of 700 Oe and saturation magnetization of up to 47 emu/g.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3118-3120
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon combustion
  • Cobalt ferrites
  • Nanostructured materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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