Carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions of stratospheric methane

2. Two-dimensional model results and implications for kinetic isotope effects

M. C. McCarthy, K. A. Boering, A. L. Rice, S. C. Tyler, P. Connell, Elliot L Atlas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New high-precision measurements of the carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions of stratospheric CH4 made on whole air samples collected aboard the NASA ER-2 aircraft are compared with results from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 2-D model. Model runs incorporating sets of experimentally determined kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) for the reactions of CH4 with each of the oxidants OH, O(1D), and Cl are examined with the goals of determining (1) how well the 2-D model can reproduce the observations for both the carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions, (2) what factors are responsible for the observed increase in the apparent isotopic fractionation factors with decreasing methane mixing ratios, and (3) how sensitive the modeled isotopic compositions are to various experimentally determined KIEs. Bound by estimates of the effects of uncertainties in model chemistry and transport on isotopic compositions, we then examine the constraints the ER-2 observations place on values for the KIEs. For the carbon KIE for reaction of CH4 with O(1D), for example, the analysis of model results and observations favors the larger of the experimental values, 1.013, over a value of 1.001. These analyses also suggest that intercomparisons of results from different models using a given set of KIEs may be useful as a new diagnostic of model-model differences in integrated chemistry and transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans
Volume108
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 16 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Upper atmosphere
Methane
two dimensional models
Isotopes
isotope effect
Hydrogen
isotopic composition
Carbon
methane
hydrogen
isotope
kinetics
Kinetics
carbon
Chemical analysis
U-2 aircraft
Carbon Isotopes
chemistry
effect
isotopic fractionation

Keywords

  • Carbon isotopes
  • Hydrogen isotopes
  • Methane
  • Methane isotopes
  • Stratospheric methane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions of stratospheric methane : 2. Two-dimensional model results and implications for kinetic isotope effects. / McCarthy, M. C.; Boering, K. A.; Rice, A. L.; Tyler, S. C.; Connell, P.; Atlas, Elliot L.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, Vol. 108, No. 15, 16.08.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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