Cancer statistics for Hispanics/Latinos, 2015

Rebecca L. Siegel, Stacey A. Fedewa, Kimberly D. Miller, Ann Goding-Sauer, Paulo Pinheiro, Dinorah Martinez-Tyson, Ahmedin Jemal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

196 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanics/Latinos, who represent the largest racial/ethnic minority group in the United States, accounting for 17.4% (55.4 million/318 million) of the total US population in 2014. Every 3 years, the American Cancer Society reports on cancer statistics for Hispanics based on incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. Among Hispanics in 2015, there will be an estimated 125,900 new cancer cases diagnosed and 37,800 cancer deaths. For all cancers combined, Hispanics have 20% lower incidence rates and 30% lower death rates compared with non-Hispanic whites (NHWs); however, death rates are slightly higher among Hispanics during adolescence (aged 15-19 years). Hispanic cancer rates vary by country of origin and are generally lowest in Mexicans, with the exception of infection-associated cancers. Liver cancer incidence rates in Hispanic men, which are twice those in NHW men, doubled from 1992 to 2012; however, rates in men aged younger than 50 years declined by 43% since 2003, perhaps a bellwether of future trends for this highly fatal cancer. Variations in cancer risk between Hispanics and NHWs, as well as between subpopulations, are driven by differences in exposure to cancer-causing infectious agents, rates of screening, and lifestyle patterns. Strategies for reducing cancer risk in Hispanic populations include increasing the uptake of preventive services (eg, screening and vaccination) and targeted interventions to reduce obesity, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-480
Number of pages24
JournalCA Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Neoplasms
Tobacco Use
Mortality
Incidence
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Minority Groups
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Liver Neoplasms
Ethnic Groups
Alcohol Drinking
Population
Registries
Life Style
Cause of Death
Vaccination
Obesity

Keywords

  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • statistics
  • surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Siegel, R. L., Fedewa, S. A., Miller, K. D., Goding-Sauer, A., Pinheiro, P., Martinez-Tyson, D., & Jemal, A. (2015). Cancer statistics for Hispanics/Latinos, 2015. CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 65(6), 457-480. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21314

Cancer statistics for Hispanics/Latinos, 2015. / Siegel, Rebecca L.; Fedewa, Stacey A.; Miller, Kimberly D.; Goding-Sauer, Ann; Pinheiro, Paulo; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Jemal, Ahmedin.

In: CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians, Vol. 65, No. 6, 01.11.2015, p. 457-480.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Siegel, RL, Fedewa, SA, Miller, KD, Goding-Sauer, A, Pinheiro, P, Martinez-Tyson, D & Jemal, A 2015, 'Cancer statistics for Hispanics/Latinos, 2015', CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 457-480. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21314
Siegel RL, Fedewa SA, Miller KD, Goding-Sauer A, Pinheiro P, Martinez-Tyson D et al. Cancer statistics for Hispanics/Latinos, 2015. CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2015 Nov 1;65(6):457-480. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21314
Siegel, Rebecca L. ; Fedewa, Stacey A. ; Miller, Kimberly D. ; Goding-Sauer, Ann ; Pinheiro, Paulo ; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah ; Jemal, Ahmedin. / Cancer statistics for Hispanics/Latinos, 2015. In: CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2015 ; Vol. 65, No. 6. pp. 457-480.
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