Cancer information overload: Discriminant validity and relationship to sun safe behaviors

Jakob D. Jensen, Manusheela Pokharel, Nick Carcioppolo, Sean Upshaw, Kevin K. John, Rachael A. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Past research suggests a large number of adults feel overwhelmed by the amount of cancer information – a phenomenon labeled cancer information overload (CIO). The current study examines whether CIO is discriminant from other negative message perceptions (reactance, information avoidance) and related to sun safe behaviors. Methods: U.S. adults (N = 2,219) completed survey questions assessing CIO, dispositional reactance, defensive/information avoidance, sun safe behavior, and knowledge. Results: The results demonstrated that CIO was discriminant from dispositional reactance, information avoidance, and defensive avoidance, and individuals with higher overload were more likely to tan, less likely to have an annual checkup with a healthcare provider, and less knowledgeable about sun safe protection. Unexpectedly, individuals with higher CIO were more likely to wear wide-brimmed hats. Conclusion: CIO is distinct from reactance and avoidance, and related to performance/knowledge of sun safe behaviors, and receiving annual healthcare checkups. Practice Implications: The correlation between CIO and sun safe behavior differs by behavior; a pattern which suggests practitioners might benefit from adapting their communication strategy based on the target population and behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Solar System
Neoplasms
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Personnel
Communication
Delivery of Health Care
Research

Keywords

  • Cancer information overload
  • Defensive avoidance
  • Discriminant validity
  • Dispositional reactance
  • Information avoidance
  • Sun safe behavior
  • Tanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cancer information overload : Discriminant validity and relationship to sun safe behaviors. / Jensen, Jakob D.; Pokharel, Manusheela; Carcioppolo, Nick; Upshaw, Sean; John, Kevin K.; Katz, Rachael A.

In: Patient Education and Counseling, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jensen, Jakob D. ; Pokharel, Manusheela ; Carcioppolo, Nick ; Upshaw, Sean ; John, Kevin K. ; Katz, Rachael A. / Cancer information overload : Discriminant validity and relationship to sun safe behaviors. In: Patient Education and Counseling. 2019.
@article{88e4f1819f6e43afb06cbdb58ca95d29,
title = "Cancer information overload: Discriminant validity and relationship to sun safe behaviors",
abstract = "Objective: Past research suggests a large number of adults feel overwhelmed by the amount of cancer information – a phenomenon labeled cancer information overload (CIO). The current study examines whether CIO is discriminant from other negative message perceptions (reactance, information avoidance) and related to sun safe behaviors. Methods: U.S. adults (N = 2,219) completed survey questions assessing CIO, dispositional reactance, defensive/information avoidance, sun safe behavior, and knowledge. Results: The results demonstrated that CIO was discriminant from dispositional reactance, information avoidance, and defensive avoidance, and individuals with higher overload were more likely to tan, less likely to have an annual checkup with a healthcare provider, and less knowledgeable about sun safe protection. Unexpectedly, individuals with higher CIO were more likely to wear wide-brimmed hats. Conclusion: CIO is distinct from reactance and avoidance, and related to performance/knowledge of sun safe behaviors, and receiving annual healthcare checkups. Practice Implications: The correlation between CIO and sun safe behavior differs by behavior; a pattern which suggests practitioners might benefit from adapting their communication strategy based on the target population and behavior.",
keywords = "Cancer information overload, Defensive avoidance, Discriminant validity, Dispositional reactance, Information avoidance, Sun safe behavior, Tanning",
author = "Jensen, {Jakob D.} and Manusheela Pokharel and Nick Carcioppolo and Sean Upshaw and John, {Kevin K.} and Katz, {Rachael A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pec.2019.08.039",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Patient Education and Counseling",
issn = "0738-3991",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cancer information overload

T2 - Discriminant validity and relationship to sun safe behaviors

AU - Jensen, Jakob D.

AU - Pokharel, Manusheela

AU - Carcioppolo, Nick

AU - Upshaw, Sean

AU - John, Kevin K.

AU - Katz, Rachael A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: Past research suggests a large number of adults feel overwhelmed by the amount of cancer information – a phenomenon labeled cancer information overload (CIO). The current study examines whether CIO is discriminant from other negative message perceptions (reactance, information avoidance) and related to sun safe behaviors. Methods: U.S. adults (N = 2,219) completed survey questions assessing CIO, dispositional reactance, defensive/information avoidance, sun safe behavior, and knowledge. Results: The results demonstrated that CIO was discriminant from dispositional reactance, information avoidance, and defensive avoidance, and individuals with higher overload were more likely to tan, less likely to have an annual checkup with a healthcare provider, and less knowledgeable about sun safe protection. Unexpectedly, individuals with higher CIO were more likely to wear wide-brimmed hats. Conclusion: CIO is distinct from reactance and avoidance, and related to performance/knowledge of sun safe behaviors, and receiving annual healthcare checkups. Practice Implications: The correlation between CIO and sun safe behavior differs by behavior; a pattern which suggests practitioners might benefit from adapting their communication strategy based on the target population and behavior.

AB - Objective: Past research suggests a large number of adults feel overwhelmed by the amount of cancer information – a phenomenon labeled cancer information overload (CIO). The current study examines whether CIO is discriminant from other negative message perceptions (reactance, information avoidance) and related to sun safe behaviors. Methods: U.S. adults (N = 2,219) completed survey questions assessing CIO, dispositional reactance, defensive/information avoidance, sun safe behavior, and knowledge. Results: The results demonstrated that CIO was discriminant from dispositional reactance, information avoidance, and defensive avoidance, and individuals with higher overload were more likely to tan, less likely to have an annual checkup with a healthcare provider, and less knowledgeable about sun safe protection. Unexpectedly, individuals with higher CIO were more likely to wear wide-brimmed hats. Conclusion: CIO is distinct from reactance and avoidance, and related to performance/knowledge of sun safe behaviors, and receiving annual healthcare checkups. Practice Implications: The correlation between CIO and sun safe behavior differs by behavior; a pattern which suggests practitioners might benefit from adapting their communication strategy based on the target population and behavior.

KW - Cancer information overload

KW - Defensive avoidance

KW - Discriminant validity

KW - Dispositional reactance

KW - Information avoidance

KW - Sun safe behavior

KW - Tanning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072204184&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072204184&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pec.2019.08.039

DO - 10.1016/j.pec.2019.08.039

M3 - Article

C2 - 31522897

AN - SCOPUS:85072204184

JO - Patient Education and Counseling

JF - Patient Education and Counseling

SN - 0738-3991

ER -