Calcium-dependent protein phosphorylation may be a critical step in the stimulated secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. We have noted the existence of a number of calcium-calcium/calmodulin-, and calcium/phospholipid-dependent phosphoproteins in the normal rat anterior pituitary. Cell extracts were prepared from anterior pituitary glands of male rats and phosphorylated with [γ32P]ATP in the presence or absence of calcium, calmodulin, and phosphatidylserine. The samples were electrophoresed on SDS-PAGE gels, autoradiographs prepared, and phosphate incorporation into specific proteins quantitated with microdensitometry. Calcium alone significantly stimulated the phosphorylation of proteins with molecular weights of 80.0-, 62.0-, 51.0-, 30.5-, and 25.0-kDa. The phosphorylation of 21.5-, 51.0-, and 80.0-kDa MW phosphoproteins was found to be phospholipid dependent. The phosphorylation of 62.0-, 51.0-, 33.0-, 30.5-, and 25.0-kDa MW phosphoproteins was found to be calcium/calmodulin kinase dependent. Calcium/calmodulin also inhibited phosphorylation of the 80.0-kDa phosphoprotein.
- Anterior pituitary
- Protein kinase C
- Protein phosphorylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience