Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

Katherine A. Sloman, Graham R. Scott, Zhongyu Diao, Claude Rouleau, Chris M. Wood, D. Gord McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated both the effects of cadmium on the social interactions of rainbow trout and the differential accumulation of waterborne cadmium among social ranks of fish. Fish exposed to waterborne cadmium concentrations of 2 μg l-1 for 24 h, followed by a 1, 2 or 3 day depuration period in clean water, had a decreased ability to compete with non-exposed fish. However, the competitive ability of exposed fish given a 5 day depuration period was not significantly impaired. Cadmium accumulated in the olfactory apparatus of fish exposed to waterborne cadmium for 24 h and decreased significantly only after 5 days depuration in clean water. Among groups of ten fish held in stream tanks, where all fish were exposed to cadmium, there were significant effects on social behaviour and growth rate. Dominance hierarchies formed faster among fish exposed to cadmium than among control fish, and overall growth rates were higher in the cadmium treatment. In groups of ten fish, social status also affected tissue accumulation of cadmium during waterborne exposure, with dominant fish accumulating more cadmium at the gill. In conclusion, exposure to low levels of cadmium, affects the social behaviour of fish, in part due to accumulation in the olfactory apparatus, and dominant fish accumulate more gill cadmium than subordinates during chronic waterborne exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-185
Number of pages15
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2003

Fingerprint

Social Behavior
Oncorhynchus mykiss
social behavior
Cadmium
rainbow
cadmium
Fishes
fish
depuration
Aptitude
gills
Social Dominance
social status
Water
competitive ability
Interpersonal Relations
Growth
water

Keywords

  • Behaviour
  • Cadmium
  • Calcium
  • Dominance
  • Olfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Sloman, K. A., Scott, G. R., Diao, Z., Rouleau, C., Wood, C. M., & McDonald, D. G. (2003). Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquatic Toxicology, 65(2), 171-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-445X(03)00122-X

Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. / Sloman, Katherine A.; Scott, Graham R.; Diao, Zhongyu; Rouleau, Claude; Wood, Chris M.; McDonald, D. Gord.

In: Aquatic Toxicology, Vol. 65, No. 2, 29.10.2003, p. 171-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sloman, KA, Scott, GR, Diao, Z, Rouleau, C, Wood, CM & McDonald, DG 2003, 'Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss', Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 171-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-445X(03)00122-X
Sloman KA, Scott GR, Diao Z, Rouleau C, Wood CM, McDonald DG. Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquatic Toxicology. 2003 Oct 29;65(2):171-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-445X(03)00122-X
Sloman, Katherine A. ; Scott, Graham R. ; Diao, Zhongyu ; Rouleau, Claude ; Wood, Chris M. ; McDonald, D. Gord. / Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. In: Aquatic Toxicology. 2003 ; Vol. 65, No. 2. pp. 171-185.
@article{ade768ea71154480adb067798fb4b672,
title = "Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss",
abstract = "The present study investigated both the effects of cadmium on the social interactions of rainbow trout and the differential accumulation of waterborne cadmium among social ranks of fish. Fish exposed to waterborne cadmium concentrations of 2 μg l-1 for 24 h, followed by a 1, 2 or 3 day depuration period in clean water, had a decreased ability to compete with non-exposed fish. However, the competitive ability of exposed fish given a 5 day depuration period was not significantly impaired. Cadmium accumulated in the olfactory apparatus of fish exposed to waterborne cadmium for 24 h and decreased significantly only after 5 days depuration in clean water. Among groups of ten fish held in stream tanks, where all fish were exposed to cadmium, there were significant effects on social behaviour and growth rate. Dominance hierarchies formed faster among fish exposed to cadmium than among control fish, and overall growth rates were higher in the cadmium treatment. In groups of ten fish, social status also affected tissue accumulation of cadmium during waterborne exposure, with dominant fish accumulating more cadmium at the gill. In conclusion, exposure to low levels of cadmium, affects the social behaviour of fish, in part due to accumulation in the olfactory apparatus, and dominant fish accumulate more gill cadmium than subordinates during chronic waterborne exposure.",
keywords = "Behaviour, Cadmium, Calcium, Dominance, Olfaction",
author = "Sloman, {Katherine A.} and Scott, {Graham R.} and Zhongyu Diao and Claude Rouleau and Wood, {Chris M.} and McDonald, {D. Gord}",
year = "2003",
month = "10",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1016/S0166-445X(03)00122-X",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "171--185",
journal = "Aquatic Toxicology",
issn = "0166-445X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cadmium affects the social behaviour of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

AU - Sloman, Katherine A.

AU - Scott, Graham R.

AU - Diao, Zhongyu

AU - Rouleau, Claude

AU - Wood, Chris M.

AU - McDonald, D. Gord

PY - 2003/10/29

Y1 - 2003/10/29

N2 - The present study investigated both the effects of cadmium on the social interactions of rainbow trout and the differential accumulation of waterborne cadmium among social ranks of fish. Fish exposed to waterborne cadmium concentrations of 2 μg l-1 for 24 h, followed by a 1, 2 or 3 day depuration period in clean water, had a decreased ability to compete with non-exposed fish. However, the competitive ability of exposed fish given a 5 day depuration period was not significantly impaired. Cadmium accumulated in the olfactory apparatus of fish exposed to waterborne cadmium for 24 h and decreased significantly only after 5 days depuration in clean water. Among groups of ten fish held in stream tanks, where all fish were exposed to cadmium, there were significant effects on social behaviour and growth rate. Dominance hierarchies formed faster among fish exposed to cadmium than among control fish, and overall growth rates were higher in the cadmium treatment. In groups of ten fish, social status also affected tissue accumulation of cadmium during waterborne exposure, with dominant fish accumulating more cadmium at the gill. In conclusion, exposure to low levels of cadmium, affects the social behaviour of fish, in part due to accumulation in the olfactory apparatus, and dominant fish accumulate more gill cadmium than subordinates during chronic waterborne exposure.

AB - The present study investigated both the effects of cadmium on the social interactions of rainbow trout and the differential accumulation of waterborne cadmium among social ranks of fish. Fish exposed to waterborne cadmium concentrations of 2 μg l-1 for 24 h, followed by a 1, 2 or 3 day depuration period in clean water, had a decreased ability to compete with non-exposed fish. However, the competitive ability of exposed fish given a 5 day depuration period was not significantly impaired. Cadmium accumulated in the olfactory apparatus of fish exposed to waterborne cadmium for 24 h and decreased significantly only after 5 days depuration in clean water. Among groups of ten fish held in stream tanks, where all fish were exposed to cadmium, there were significant effects on social behaviour and growth rate. Dominance hierarchies formed faster among fish exposed to cadmium than among control fish, and overall growth rates were higher in the cadmium treatment. In groups of ten fish, social status also affected tissue accumulation of cadmium during waterborne exposure, with dominant fish accumulating more cadmium at the gill. In conclusion, exposure to low levels of cadmium, affects the social behaviour of fish, in part due to accumulation in the olfactory apparatus, and dominant fish accumulate more gill cadmium than subordinates during chronic waterborne exposure.

KW - Behaviour

KW - Cadmium

KW - Calcium

KW - Dominance

KW - Olfaction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0041430623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0041430623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0166-445X(03)00122-X

DO - 10.1016/S0166-445X(03)00122-X

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 171

EP - 185

JO - Aquatic Toxicology

JF - Aquatic Toxicology

SN - 0166-445X

IS - 2

ER -