Bunched Phase Encoding (BPE): A new fast data acquisition method in MRI

Hisamoto Moriguchi, Jeffrey L. Duerk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


A new fast data acquisition method, "Bunched Phase Encoding" (BPE), is presented. In conventional rectilinear data acquisition, only a readout gradient (and no phase encoding gradient) is applied when k-space data are acquired. Reduction of the number of phase encoding lines by increasing the phase encoding step size often leads to aliasing artifacts. Papoulis's generalized sampling theory asserts that in some cases aliasing artifact-free signals can be reconstructed even if the Nyquist criterion is violated in some regions of the Fourier domain. In this study, Papoulis's theoretical construct is exploited to reduce the number of acquired phase encoding lines. To achieve this, k-space data are sampled along a "zigzag" trajectory during each readout; samples are acquired at a sampling frequency higher than that of the normal rectilinear acquisition. The total number of TR cycles and, hence, the total scan time can be reduced. The resultant signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) often varies across the reconstructed image when using the BPE technique, and the image SNR depends on the reconstruction method. This work is comparable to a gradient based version of parallel imaging. Evidence suggests it may serve as the basis for new opportunities for fast data acquisition in MRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-648
Number of pages16
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • BPE
  • Bunched phase encoding
  • Fast imaging
  • Generalized sampling
  • Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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