Bulk heterojunction perovskite solar cells incorporated with p-type low optical gap conjugated polymers

Lening Shen, Tao Zhu, Xinwen Zhang, Keven Gong, He Wang, Xiong Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) as alternative cost-effective solar technology have drawn great concentrations in both academic and industrial sectors in the past years. Through the film morphological manipulation of perovskite photoactive layers and generic interfacial engineering, efficient PSCs have been reported. However, intrinsic unbalanced charge transport within the perovskite photoactive layer, which restricted further boost device performance of PSCs, was not fully addressed. In this study, we report high-performance bulk heterojunction (BHJ) PSCs based on the composites composed of n-type Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3 (where FA is formamidinium, HC(NH2)2) incorporated with p-type low optical gap conjugated polymer. Compared to pristine Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3 thin film, the BHJ composite thin film possesses enhanced and balanced charge carrier mobilities, enlarged crystal sizes, and suppressed non-radiation charge carrier recombination. Most importantly, a photo-induced charge transfer occurs within the BHJ composite thin film. As a result, the BHJ PSCs exhibit a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 21.08%. In addition, un-encapsulated BHJ PSCs possess remarkably enhanced stability (as they retain 80% of their initial PCE after ~ 200 days in ambient conditions) and diminished photocurrent hysteresis (photocurrent hysteresis index of 0.012) compared to those based on pristine Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3 thin film. All these results demonstrate that the PSCs with a BHJ device structure are one of the facile ways to approach high-performance PSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106907
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Bulk heterojunction device structure
  • Efficiency
  • Low optical gap conjugated polymer
  • Perovskite solar cells
  • Stability and photocurrent hysteresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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