Building supramolecular nanostructures on surfaces: The influence of the substrate

P. Laitenberger, C. G. Claessens, L. Kuipers, F. M. Raymo, R. E. Palmer, J. F. Stoddart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Recent advances in supramolecular chemistry enable the construction of novel nanostructures in solution and the solid state. We present an investigation of the supramolecular organisation of a prototypical charged macrocycle - the self-complementary tetracationic cyclophane - on a surface using scanning tunnelling microscopy. On the graphite surface the cyclophanes stand upright and self-organise into ordered nanotubes running along symmetry directions of the surface. The stacking of the cyclophanes within these nanotubes is quite different from the structural motifs found in the solid state. The findings open the possibility to use a surface to create previously unattainable structures and devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Nov 14 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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