Breast Cancer

Jay R. Harris, Marc E. Lippman, Umberto Veronesi, Walter Willett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

182 Scopus citations


Staging Staging refers to the grouping of patients according to the extent of their disease. Breast cancer is staged initially on a clinical basis, according to the results of the physical examination and laboratory and radiologic evaluations, and provides an important documentation of a patient's characteristics at presentation. This information can be useful in choosing treatments, estimating prognosis, and comparing the results of different treatment programs. An internationally recognized staging system — the TNM system — has been adopted by both the Union Internationale Contre le Cancer and the American Joint Commission on Cancer Staging and End-Results Reporting.100 This system…

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-398
Number of pages9
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 6 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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