Bounding surface plasticity model for sands

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145 Scopus citations


Using bounding surface plasticity, a constitutive equation is constructed to simulate the nonlinear behaviors of loose and dense sands subjected to various types of loadings. The critical state, which depends upon the initial void ratio in the case of sands, defines the evolution of the bounding surface during plastic flow. The model describes strain-softening and stress-dilatancy with nine material constants calculated from the results of conventional triaxial tests. After comparison of experimental results with numerical simulations, the effective stress model is found to be capable of simulating drained and undrained responses, hysteretic energy dissipation, and accumulation of irreversible strain during cyclic laboratory tests. The model can be applied to study the engineering problems associated with sand liquefaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1198-1217
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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