Body Mass of U.S. Hispanics/Latinos From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL): How Do Diet Quality and Sedentary Time Relate?

Marisa J. Perera, Diana A. Chirinos, Carrie E. Brintz, Neil Schneiderman, Martha Daviglus, Gregory A. Talavera, Krista M. Perreira, Rebeca A.Espinoza Giacinto, Qibin Qi, Maria M. Llabre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Little evidence exists on diet quality- and sedentary time-related differences in body mass index (BMI) among immigrant and nonimmigrant Hispanics/Latinos with different lengths of U.S. residence. A total of 13,962 (80.2% foreign-born) Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) participants aged 18 to 60 from four U.S. cities (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; and San Diego, CA) underwent standardized interviews and fasting blood tests. Diet quality was total Alternative Healthy Eating Index score. Sedentary time was number of <100 counts/minute over 3 to 6 days. BMI was examined using regression models adjusted for age, income, Hispanic/Latino background, HCHS/SOL site, and tobacco use. Two three-way interactions (diet or sedentary time length of residence sex) were tested to examine health behavior-related differences in BMI among immigrant and nonimmigrant males and females. The diet length of residence sex interaction was significant (b =.005, 95% confidence interval [−.003,.008]). For a 10-unit Alternative Healthy Eating Index difference, the BMI difference was greater among immigrant females in the United States longer (0 years =.84 kg/m2; 10 years = 1.64 kg/m2). Diet-related obesity prevention efforts may start soon after migration, particularly for immigrant women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHispanic Health Care International
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019



  • health behavior
  • Hispanic-Americans
  • immigrant health
  • Latino populations
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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