Body dissatisfaction and condom use self-efficacy: A meta-analysis

Aaron J. Blashill, Steven A. Safren

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The consistent use of condoms is the most effective behavior for reducing the acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and condom use self-efficacy has been shown to be a key construct related to condom use. However, the examination of modifiable psychosocial and behavioral correlates of condom use self-efficacy is lacking. Recent investigations have highlighted the association of body dissatisfaction with condom use self-efficacy, and the current study conducted a meta-analysis on all available data addressing this relationship. Eleven individual effect-size parameters from nine studies yielded a total sample of 2495 men and women participants. A random-effects model revealed an average effect-size of r=-25, Cohen's d=-0.52, which is moderate in strength. As body dissatisfaction increases, ones' self-efficacy regarding the use of condoms diminishes. Integrating interventions to decrease body dissatisfaction and sexual risk behaviors may prove to be an effective strategy to decrease STIs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalBody Image
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Body image
  • Condom use self-efficacy
  • Meta-analysis
  • Sexual risk behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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