Blood pressure and marijuana use: Results from a decade of NHANES data

Denise Vidot, Makia Powers, Raul Gonzalez, Dushyantha T Jayaweera, Sabita Roy, Chunming Dong, Sarah Messiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: After 14 years of no change, new blood pressure (BP) guidelines were released; yet, the impact of marijuana on BP remains unclear. Our objective was to examine the association between marijuana use and BP. Methods: We analyzed data for adults (N = 10,709; mean age 44.8 years; 50.3% men) who completed 2005-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Marijuana use was defined as never (no lifetime use), past (lifetime, not in past 30 days), and current (> 1 in past 30 days). Frequency of use was categorized based past 30-day use. BP was categorized as elevated BP, Stage 1 hypertension (HTN-I), or Stage 2 hypertension (HTN-II) based on updated guidelines. Results: Current users had a higher prevalence of elevated BP (19.4%), HTN-I (22.7%), HTN-II (12.9%) than never users (16.1%, 21.4%, and 11.99%) respectively; p = .03). After covariate adjustment, heavy users had 1.80 higher odds of elevated BP than never users (95% CI: 1.13-2.88). There were no statistically significant differences in BP in any other marijuana use category. Conclusions: Driven by heavy use, current users had a higher prevalence of elevated BP than never users. Patients at risk for abnormal BP should use caution when engaging in heavy marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)887-897
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Nutrition Surveys
Cannabis
Blood Pressure
hypertension
Hypertension
nutrition
Guidelines
examination
health

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cannabis
  • Cardiovascular
  • Hypertension
  • Marijuana
  • NHANES
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Blood pressure and marijuana use : Results from a decade of NHANES data. / Vidot, Denise; Powers, Makia; Gonzalez, Raul; Jayaweera, Dushyantha T; Roy, Sabita; Dong, Chunming; Messiah, Sarah.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 43, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 887-897.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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