Bladder Cancer After Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Detailed Analysis of Pathological Features and Outcome After Radical Cystectomy

Peter J. Bostrom, Mark S. Soloway, Murugesan Manoharan, Rajinikanth Ayyathurai, Srinivas Samavedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We reviewed outcomes and features in patients with bladder cancer who underwent cystectomy and had a history of radiation for prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the University of Miami cystectomy database and identified 34 patients with a history of radiotherapy for prostate cancer. An age and stage matched control group was used to compare survival. Our entire male cystectomy population was used to compare clinicopathological features. Results: Mean age in the 34 patients with cystectomy was 75 years with a mean latency of 5 years from prostate cancer radiation. Radiotherapy was the primary treatment modality for prostate cancer in 32 of 34 patients and 2 received adjuvant radiation. Of the patients 86% received external beam radiation. Hematuria was the initial symptom in 86% of the cases. In 53% of the patients the initial diagnosis was muscle invasive bladder cancer. An ileal conduit was the method of urinary diversion in 33 cases. Major perioperative complications developed in 9% of the patients. There was 1 perioperative death, resulting in a mortality rate of 2.9%. Of the patients 54% presented with a locally advanced (pT3-4) tumor. Patients with a history of radiation therapy for prostate cancer had significantly poorer overall and bladder cancer specific survival than the matched control group. Conclusions: Most bladder cancers in patients with a history of radiation for prostate cancer present as locally advanced tumors and patients have poorer survival than age and stage matched controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-95
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume179
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Keywords

  • bladder
  • bladder neoplasms
  • cystectomy
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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