Augmentation cystoplasty is performed in women for a variety of indications, including neurogenic bladder dysfunction, inflammatory diseases, small fibrosed bladders, idiopathic urge incontinence and enuresis. The preoperative evaluation, surgical techniques and postoperative management are reviewed. Complications of stone formation, urinary tract infections, mucus production, metabolic disturbances, hematuria and dysuria syndrome, tumors and perforations are addressed. In addition, alternative techniques such as ureterocystoplasty, autoaugmentation, seromuscular cystoplasty and the future of augmentation of the bladder utilizing techniques of tissue engineering are discussed. The management of pregnancy in women who have previously undergone augmentation cystoplasty is also reviewed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology