Black 'n mild and carcinogenic: Cigar smoking among inner city young adults in hartford, CT

Merrill Singer, Greg Mirhej, J. Bryan Page, Erica Hastings, Hassan Salaheen, Giorelly Prado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Considerable concern has been expressed about the use of illicit drugs like heroin and cocaine among disadvantaged, minority youth and young adults in America's inner cities. Often overlooked in this research and associated public response are the far greater health consequences that stem from the use of legally sold drugs like alcohol and tobacco (Baer, Singer, and Susser, 2003, Singer, 2004). Recently, based on research in Miami/Dade and Alachua, Florida, Page and Evans (2003) have drawn attention to the significant rise in small cigars use among urban youth, especially African Americans between 11 and 15 years of age. They note that a cigarillo called 'Black 'N Mild' that contains between five and twelve times the nicotine of cigarettes has become the product of choice among African American and other youth in the counties under study (Page and Evans, 2003:64). To date, there has been only limited research on the existence of this practice among inner city youth and young adults in other locales (Malone, Yerger, Pearson, 2001). This paper reports on findings on Black 'N Mild use from a study of changing licit and illicit drug use among inner city populations in Hartford, CT; these findings include similarities to and differences from the findings reported by Page and Evans. The study highlights the importance of examining regional differences in drug use patterns (Singer et al., 1992).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-94
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Feb 2008


  • Cigar
  • Inner-city
  • Minorities
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)


Dive into the research topics of 'Black 'n mild and carcinogenic: Cigar smoking among inner city young adults in hartford, CT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this