Bipolar disorder: A syndrome in evolution

Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Charles B. Nemeroff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder offers an array of challenges to the clinician. It is a multidimensional syndrome that can have numerous clinical presentations with a variety of symptom domains in the same individual. It can be difficult to diagnose and evidence shows that it can often be misdiagnosed. With that challenge, it is important to review the various aspects of bipolar disorder and the approaches to treatment, old and new. A review of the latest scientific data can guide us to make informed clinical decisions to make a difference in the quality of care for our bipolar patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S881-S891
JournalAdvanced Studies in Medicine
Issue number10 D
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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