Biosensor for asparagine using a thermostable recombinant asparaginase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus

Ju Li, Jianquan Wang, Leonidas G. Bachas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asparaginase from the hyperthermophilic microorganism Archaeoglobus fulgidus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with a polyhistidine tail. After heat treatment to denature most of the native E. coli proteins, the enzyme was purified by an immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography method. The activity of the enzyme was determined by monitoring the change in ammonium concentration in solution. It was found that the enzyme is thermostable at temperatures as high as 85 °C. The KM for L-asparagine was 8 × 10-5 and 5 × 10-6 M at 37 and 70 °C, respectively. The catalytic activity for L-asparagine was 5-fold higher than for D-asparagine. The enzyme was immobilized in front of an ammonium-selective electrode and used to develop a biosensor for asparagine. The biosensor had a detection limit of 6 × 10-5 M for L-asparagine. Unlike a sensor based on asparaginase from E. coli, the biosensor based on recombinant asparaginase from A. fulgidus demonstrated higher stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3336-3341
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume74
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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