Asparaginase from the hyperthermophilic microorganism Archaeoglobus fulgidus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with a polyhistidine tail. After heat treatment to denature most of the native E. coli proteins, the enzyme was purified by an immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography method. The activity of the enzyme was determined by monitoring the change in ammonium concentration in solution. It was found that the enzyme is thermostable at temperatures as high as 85 °C. The KM for L-asparagine was 8 × 10-5 and 5 × 10-6 M at 37 and 70 °C, respectively. The catalytic activity for L-asparagine was 5-fold higher than for D-asparagine. The enzyme was immobilized in front of an ammonium-selective electrode and used to develop a biosensor for asparagine. The biosensor had a detection limit of 6 × 10-5 M for L-asparagine. Unlike a sensor based on asparaginase from E. coli, the biosensor based on recombinant asparaginase from A. fulgidus demonstrated higher stability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry