Bioregulatory mechanisms at the level of cell organelle interactions: microspectrofluorometric in situ studies

Elli Kohen, Cahide Kohen, Jeffrey Prince, Dietrich O. Schachtschabel, Joseph G. Hirschberg, Patrice Morliere, Rene Santus, Louis Dubertret, Burton L. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The spatiotemporal analysis of bioregulatory mechanisms at the level of intracellular multienzyme complexes and organelle interactions is made possible by the availability of endogenous and exogenous fluorescence probes, the development of microspectrofluorometers allowing one- and two-dimensional scans of intracellular fluorescence reactions, and the use of micromanipulatory techniques enabling the rapid alteration of metabolic states. Absorbed photons are not only a tool for quantitative evaluation of metabolic processes, they can also trigger alterations of cell membranes and functions as mediated by photosensitizer drugs. In the hierarchy of intracellular organization different levels of complexity are accessible to study, such as the regulation of multienzyme complexes and the interaction of organelle complexes. Typical applications of these methods are the investigation of drug effects (e.g., on melanoma cells), metabolic and structural alterations (e.g., in cystic fibrosis and Gaucher fibroblasts), organelle interactions in cells treated with toxic agents. The implications are relevant to biotechnology for better control of metabolite production and processing, design and testing of new drugs, understanding of drug resistance and better targeting of drugs or probes to selected intracellular sites. In addition, such in vitro methods can contribute to the provision of an alternative to 'whole animal experiments' as already achieved in human and mouse fibroblasts, hepatocytes, hepatoma, Swiss 3T3 cells and other cells in culture, especially with regards to an analysis of the action of xenobiotics and drugs in cell physiology and pathology, fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, study of cytoskeleton dynamics and multiparameter probing of organelle activity during in vitro wound repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1990


  • bioregulatory mechanism
  • microspectrofluorometry
  • multiparameter probing
  • organelle interaction
  • xenobiotic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology


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