Biomaterials in craniofacial surgery: Experimental studies and clinical application

Harvey Chim, Arun K. Gosain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The increasing variety of biomaterials available to the craniofacial surgeon today, with advantages of "off-the-shelf availability" and lack of donor-site morbidity, provides a formidable armamentarium for applications in reconstruction and augmentation. Although biomaterials are invaluable alternatives to autogenous bone graft, there is lack of uniformity in clinical application. In this article, we review our experience with the use of hydroxyapatite derivatives in animal studies and subsequently discuss our experience with the use of 3 classes of biomaterials (cement pastes, osteoactive biomaterials, and prefabricated polymers) for craniofacial reconstruction. We subsequently offer guidelines to dictate the choice of biomaterials for different applications, based on the site of reconstruction (onlay versus inlay reconstruction) and skeletal maturity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-33
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Bioactive glass
  • Biomaterials
  • Calcium dahllite
  • Craniofacial reconstruction
  • Demineralized bone
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Porous polyethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Biomaterials in craniofacial surgery: Experimental studies and clinical application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this