Biomarkers of Inflammation in Exotic Pets

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The acute phase response (APR) is a key part of the innate immune system and acute phase proteins (APPs) represent the core of the early response to stimuli such as trauma, infection, stress, neoplasia, and autoimmune disease. These biomarkers have a different timeline and magnitude of expression vs traditional means of examining inflammation (e.g., total white blood count and albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio). Extensive studies conducted in companion and large animals have demonstrated many clinical applications for inflammatory biomarkers including diagnosis, prognosis, detection of subclinical disease and chronic inflammation, and monitoring stress. This article provides information regarding the APR and the uses of APP quantitation, as well as the growing body of information on APPSs in exotic animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-250
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Exotic Pet Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013


  • Acute phase protein
  • Acute phase response
  • Biomarker
  • Haptoglobin
  • Inflammation
  • Serum amyloid A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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