Biological markers may add to prediction of outcome achieved by the international prognostic score in Hodgkin's disease

U. Axdorph, J. Sjöberg, G. Grimfors, O. Landgren, A. Porwit-MacDonald, M. Björkholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The International Prognostic Score (IPS) identifies seven independent factors predicting progression-free and overall survival in advanced stage Hodgkin's disease (HD). The IPS is also applicable in limited disease. However, the IPS does not identify patients with a very poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to define biological markers which may add to the IPS in predicting outcome. Patients and methods: One hundred forty-five patients (> 15 years) with HD of all stages and histopathology subgroups were included. In addition to factors included in the IPS, serum levels of CRP, sCD4, sCD8, sCD25, sCD30, sCD54, interleukin (IL)-10, β2-microglobulin and thymidine kinase were analysed. Results: The strongest predictors of a poor cause-specific survival (CSS) in univariate analyses were: increased serum levels of IL-10, sCD30 and CRP, anaemia, low levels of albumin (P < 0.001); stage IV (P = 0.003), age ≥ 45 years (P = 0.006), increased serum levels of sCD25 (P = 0.010), low lymphocyte counts (P = 0.020). Serum IL-10 added prognostic information to that achieved by the IPS: patients with a high score and increased serum IL-10 had a very poor outcome with a five-year CSS of 38%. Patients with increased serum levels of sCD30 and a high score also had a poor outcome with a five-year CSS of 54%. Conclusion: Serum levels of IL-10 and sCD30 may add to IPS in prediction of outcome in HD, and should be validated in large, prospective studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1405-1411
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Interleukin-10
  • Prognosis
  • Prognostic score
  • sCD30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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