Biogenesis of acetylcholinesterase molecular forms in muscle. Evidence for a rapidly turning over, catalytically inactive precursor pool

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Abstract

Tissue-cultured chicken embryo muscle cells synthesize several molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) which differ in oligomeric structure and fate as membrane-bound or secreted molecules. Using irreversible inhibitors to inactivate AChE molecules we show that muscle cells rapidly synthesize and assemble catalytically active oligomers which transit as obligatory pathway through the Golgi apparatus. These oligomers acquire complex oligosaccharides and are ultimately localized on the cell surface or secreted into the medium. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled AChE shows that the oligomers are assembled shortly after synthesis from two allelic polypeptide chains. About two-thirds of the newly synthesized molecules are assembled into dimers and tetramers, and once assembled these forms do not interconvert. Comparison of newly synthesized catalytically active AChE molecules with isotopically labeled ones indicates that a large fraction of the immature molecules are catalytically inactive. Pulse-chase studies measuring both catalytic activity and isotopic labeling indicate that only the catalytically active oligomers are further processed by the cell, whereas inactive molecules are rapidly degraded intracellularly by an as yet unknown mechanism. Approximately 70-80% of the newly synthesized AChE molecules are degraded in this manner and do not transit the Golgi apparatus. These studies indicate that muscle cells synthesize an excess of this important synaptic component over that which is necessary for maintaining normal levels of this protein. In addition, these studies indicate the existence of an intracellular route of protein degradation which may function as a post-translational regulatory step in the control of exportable proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19398-19406
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number36
StatePublished - Dec 1 1988

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Acetylcholinesterase
Muscle
Muscles
Molecules
Oligomers
Muscle Cells
Golgi Apparatus
Cells
Oligosaccharides
Immunoprecipitation
Proteolysis
Proteins
Chickens
Embryonic Structures
Dimers
Labeling
Peptides
Catalyst activity
Membranes
Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Biogenesis of acetylcholinesterase molecular forms in muscle. Evidence for a rapidly turning over, catalytically inactive precursor pool",
abstract = "Tissue-cultured chicken embryo muscle cells synthesize several molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) which differ in oligomeric structure and fate as membrane-bound or secreted molecules. Using irreversible inhibitors to inactivate AChE molecules we show that muscle cells rapidly synthesize and assemble catalytically active oligomers which transit as obligatory pathway through the Golgi apparatus. These oligomers acquire complex oligosaccharides and are ultimately localized on the cell surface or secreted into the medium. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled AChE shows that the oligomers are assembled shortly after synthesis from two allelic polypeptide chains. About two-thirds of the newly synthesized molecules are assembled into dimers and tetramers, and once assembled these forms do not interconvert. Comparison of newly synthesized catalytically active AChE molecules with isotopically labeled ones indicates that a large fraction of the immature molecules are catalytically inactive. Pulse-chase studies measuring both catalytic activity and isotopic labeling indicate that only the catalytically active oligomers are further processed by the cell, whereas inactive molecules are rapidly degraded intracellularly by an as yet unknown mechanism. Approximately 70-80{\%} of the newly synthesized AChE molecules are degraded in this manner and do not transit the Golgi apparatus. These studies indicate that muscle cells synthesize an excess of this important synaptic component over that which is necessary for maintaining normal levels of this protein. In addition, these studies indicate the existence of an intracellular route of protein degradation which may function as a post-translational regulatory step in the control of exportable proteins.",
author = "Rotundo, {Richard L}",
year = "1988",
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journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
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T1 - Biogenesis of acetylcholinesterase molecular forms in muscle. Evidence for a rapidly turning over, catalytically inactive precursor pool

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N2 - Tissue-cultured chicken embryo muscle cells synthesize several molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) which differ in oligomeric structure and fate as membrane-bound or secreted molecules. Using irreversible inhibitors to inactivate AChE molecules we show that muscle cells rapidly synthesize and assemble catalytically active oligomers which transit as obligatory pathway through the Golgi apparatus. These oligomers acquire complex oligosaccharides and are ultimately localized on the cell surface or secreted into the medium. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled AChE shows that the oligomers are assembled shortly after synthesis from two allelic polypeptide chains. About two-thirds of the newly synthesized molecules are assembled into dimers and tetramers, and once assembled these forms do not interconvert. Comparison of newly synthesized catalytically active AChE molecules with isotopically labeled ones indicates that a large fraction of the immature molecules are catalytically inactive. Pulse-chase studies measuring both catalytic activity and isotopic labeling indicate that only the catalytically active oligomers are further processed by the cell, whereas inactive molecules are rapidly degraded intracellularly by an as yet unknown mechanism. Approximately 70-80% of the newly synthesized AChE molecules are degraded in this manner and do not transit the Golgi apparatus. These studies indicate that muscle cells synthesize an excess of this important synaptic component over that which is necessary for maintaining normal levels of this protein. In addition, these studies indicate the existence of an intracellular route of protein degradation which may function as a post-translational regulatory step in the control of exportable proteins.

AB - Tissue-cultured chicken embryo muscle cells synthesize several molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) which differ in oligomeric structure and fate as membrane-bound or secreted molecules. Using irreversible inhibitors to inactivate AChE molecules we show that muscle cells rapidly synthesize and assemble catalytically active oligomers which transit as obligatory pathway through the Golgi apparatus. These oligomers acquire complex oligosaccharides and are ultimately localized on the cell surface or secreted into the medium. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled AChE shows that the oligomers are assembled shortly after synthesis from two allelic polypeptide chains. About two-thirds of the newly synthesized molecules are assembled into dimers and tetramers, and once assembled these forms do not interconvert. Comparison of newly synthesized catalytically active AChE molecules with isotopically labeled ones indicates that a large fraction of the immature molecules are catalytically inactive. Pulse-chase studies measuring both catalytic activity and isotopic labeling indicate that only the catalytically active oligomers are further processed by the cell, whereas inactive molecules are rapidly degraded intracellularly by an as yet unknown mechanism. Approximately 70-80% of the newly synthesized AChE molecules are degraded in this manner and do not transit the Golgi apparatus. These studies indicate that muscle cells synthesize an excess of this important synaptic component over that which is necessary for maintaining normal levels of this protein. In addition, these studies indicate the existence of an intracellular route of protein degradation which may function as a post-translational regulatory step in the control of exportable proteins.

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