Biodiversity, threats and conservation challenges in the Cerrado of Amapá, an Amazonian savanna

Karen Mustin, William D. Carvalho, Renato R. Hilário, Salustiano V. Costa-Neto, Cláudia R. Silva, Ivan M. Vasconcelos, Isaí J. Castro, Vivianne Eilers, Érico E. Kauano, Raimundo N.G. Mendes, Cláudia Funi, Philip M. Fearnside, José M.C. Silva, Ana M.C. Euler, José J. Toledo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


An Amazonian savanna in northern Brazil known as the Cerrado of Amapá is under imminent threat from poor land-use planning, the expansion of large-scale agriculture and other anthropogenic pressures. These savannas house a rich and unique flora and fauna, including endemic plants and animals. However, the area remains under-sampled for most taxa, and better sampling may uncover new species. We estimate that only ∼9.16% of these habitats have any kind of protection, and legislative changes threaten to further weaken or remove this protection. Here we present the status of knowledge concerning the biodiversity of the Cerrado of Amapá, its conservation status, and the main threats to the conservation of this Amazonian savanna. To secure the future of these unique and imperilled habitats, we suggest urgent expansion of protected areas, as well as measures that would promote less-damaging land uses to support the local population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-127
Number of pages21
JournalNature Conservation
StatePublished - Oct 3 2017


  • Brazil
  • Development policy
  • Land clearing
  • Protected areas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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