Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes

Carlos A. Peres, Toby A. Gardner, Jos Barlow, Jansen Zuanon, Fernanda Michalski, Alexander C. Lees, Ima C.G. Vieira, Fatima M.S. Moreira, Kenneth Feeley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amazonia (sensu lato) is by far the largest tropical forest region, but has succumbed to the highest absolute rates of tropical deforestation and forest degradation, driven by rapid frontier expansion, road-building, and spontaneous or government-subsidized migration. The large area-through-time and paleo-climatic stability of Amazonian forests may help explain the high regional to local scale plant and animal species diversity of true forest specialists and high ecological sensitivity to contemporary land-use change. We describe the prevailing forms of anthropogenic disturbance that affect forest organisms in the context of the geographic and evolutionary background that has shaped the degree to which forest species may be resilient to environmental change. The fate of Amazonian biodiversity will partly depend upon the interaction between land-use and climate change, and the extent to which seasonally-dry forests can retain immunity against catastrophic recurrent wildfires. This review illustrates the importance of considering interactions between different forms of forest disturbance to develop effective conservation policy. We conclude with some considerations of the policy agenda necessary to protect forest cover and forest biodiversity at a meaningful scale across the Amazonian biome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2314-2327
Number of pages14
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume143
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

biodiversity
land use change
disturbance
dry forest
immunity
biome
forest cover
wildfire
dry forests
tropical forest
deforestation
Amazonia
wildfires
species diversity
environmental change
tropical forests
anthropogenic activities
roads
road
climate change

Keywords

  • Amazonia
  • Andes
  • Biodiversity
  • Deforestation
  • Forest disturbance
  • Human-dominated landscapes
  • Land use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Peres, C. A., Gardner, T. A., Barlow, J., Zuanon, J., Michalski, F., Lees, A. C., ... Feeley, K. (2010). Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes. Biological Conservation, 143(10), 2314-2327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.021

Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes. / Peres, Carlos A.; Gardner, Toby A.; Barlow, Jos; Zuanon, Jansen; Michalski, Fernanda; Lees, Alexander C.; Vieira, Ima C.G.; Moreira, Fatima M.S.; Feeley, Kenneth.

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 143, No. 10, 01.10.2010, p. 2314-2327.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peres, CA, Gardner, TA, Barlow, J, Zuanon, J, Michalski, F, Lees, AC, Vieira, ICG, Moreira, FMS & Feeley, K 2010, 'Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes', Biological Conservation, vol. 143, no. 10, pp. 2314-2327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.021
Peres CA, Gardner TA, Barlow J, Zuanon J, Michalski F, Lees AC et al. Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes. Biological Conservation. 2010 Oct 1;143(10):2314-2327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.021
Peres, Carlos A. ; Gardner, Toby A. ; Barlow, Jos ; Zuanon, Jansen ; Michalski, Fernanda ; Lees, Alexander C. ; Vieira, Ima C.G. ; Moreira, Fatima M.S. ; Feeley, Kenneth. / Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes. In: Biological Conservation. 2010 ; Vol. 143, No. 10. pp. 2314-2327.
@article{017da130c4c34ee184f34c2d6c3f7de2,
title = "Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes",
abstract = "Amazonia (sensu lato) is by far the largest tropical forest region, but has succumbed to the highest absolute rates of tropical deforestation and forest degradation, driven by rapid frontier expansion, road-building, and spontaneous or government-subsidized migration. The large area-through-time and paleo-climatic stability of Amazonian forests may help explain the high regional to local scale plant and animal species diversity of true forest specialists and high ecological sensitivity to contemporary land-use change. We describe the prevailing forms of anthropogenic disturbance that affect forest organisms in the context of the geographic and evolutionary background that has shaped the degree to which forest species may be resilient to environmental change. The fate of Amazonian biodiversity will partly depend upon the interaction between land-use and climate change, and the extent to which seasonally-dry forests can retain immunity against catastrophic recurrent wildfires. This review illustrates the importance of considering interactions between different forms of forest disturbance to develop effective conservation policy. We conclude with some considerations of the policy agenda necessary to protect forest cover and forest biodiversity at a meaningful scale across the Amazonian biome.",
keywords = "Amazonia, Andes, Biodiversity, Deforestation, Forest disturbance, Human-dominated landscapes, Land use",
author = "Peres, {Carlos A.} and Gardner, {Toby A.} and Jos Barlow and Jansen Zuanon and Fernanda Michalski and Lees, {Alexander C.} and Vieira, {Ima C.G.} and Moreira, {Fatima M.S.} and Kenneth Feeley",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.021",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "143",
pages = "2314--2327",
journal = "Biological Conservation",
issn = "0006-3207",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes

AU - Peres, Carlos A.

AU - Gardner, Toby A.

AU - Barlow, Jos

AU - Zuanon, Jansen

AU - Michalski, Fernanda

AU - Lees, Alexander C.

AU - Vieira, Ima C.G.

AU - Moreira, Fatima M.S.

AU - Feeley, Kenneth

PY - 2010/10/1

Y1 - 2010/10/1

N2 - Amazonia (sensu lato) is by far the largest tropical forest region, but has succumbed to the highest absolute rates of tropical deforestation and forest degradation, driven by rapid frontier expansion, road-building, and spontaneous or government-subsidized migration. The large area-through-time and paleo-climatic stability of Amazonian forests may help explain the high regional to local scale plant and animal species diversity of true forest specialists and high ecological sensitivity to contemporary land-use change. We describe the prevailing forms of anthropogenic disturbance that affect forest organisms in the context of the geographic and evolutionary background that has shaped the degree to which forest species may be resilient to environmental change. The fate of Amazonian biodiversity will partly depend upon the interaction between land-use and climate change, and the extent to which seasonally-dry forests can retain immunity against catastrophic recurrent wildfires. This review illustrates the importance of considering interactions between different forms of forest disturbance to develop effective conservation policy. We conclude with some considerations of the policy agenda necessary to protect forest cover and forest biodiversity at a meaningful scale across the Amazonian biome.

AB - Amazonia (sensu lato) is by far the largest tropical forest region, but has succumbed to the highest absolute rates of tropical deforestation and forest degradation, driven by rapid frontier expansion, road-building, and spontaneous or government-subsidized migration. The large area-through-time and paleo-climatic stability of Amazonian forests may help explain the high regional to local scale plant and animal species diversity of true forest specialists and high ecological sensitivity to contemporary land-use change. We describe the prevailing forms of anthropogenic disturbance that affect forest organisms in the context of the geographic and evolutionary background that has shaped the degree to which forest species may be resilient to environmental change. The fate of Amazonian biodiversity will partly depend upon the interaction between land-use and climate change, and the extent to which seasonally-dry forests can retain immunity against catastrophic recurrent wildfires. This review illustrates the importance of considering interactions between different forms of forest disturbance to develop effective conservation policy. We conclude with some considerations of the policy agenda necessary to protect forest cover and forest biodiversity at a meaningful scale across the Amazonian biome.

KW - Amazonia

KW - Andes

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Deforestation

KW - Forest disturbance

KW - Human-dominated landscapes

KW - Land use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955920552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955920552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.021

DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.021

M3 - Article

VL - 143

SP - 2314

EP - 2327

JO - Biological Conservation

JF - Biological Conservation

SN - 0006-3207

IS - 10

ER -