Binocular interaction and steady-state visual evoked potentials - I. A study in normal subjects and in subjects with defective binocular vision

B. Bagolini, Vittorio Porciatti, B. Falsini

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A correlate of binocular-neuron activity was found in some properties of visual evoked potentials (VEPs), such as facilitation (defined as a binocular response greater than the sum of the monocular responses) and changes in latency (shortening of binocular VEP latency as compared to that of monocular VEPs). Monocular and binocular steady-state VEPs in response to phase-alternating gratings of different contrast and both spatial and temporal frequency were recorded in three normal subjects. Fourier analysis of the responses was performed to isolate the component at the reversal frequency. Binocular VEPs showed facilitation in the low-contrast range (3%-10%). Facilitation was highest for gratings that had spatial frequency of 0.6-2 cycles/degree (c/d), alternating at 16 reversals per second. Phase shortening was found across a parameter range larger than that at which amplitude facilitation occurred. These results suggest that both amplitude facilitation and phase shortening in binocular VEPs may provide an objective measure of binocular visual function in clinical ophthalmology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume226
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Binocular Vision
Visual Evoked Potentials
Fourier Analysis
Ophthalmology
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

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abstract = "A correlate of binocular-neuron activity was found in some properties of visual evoked potentials (VEPs), such as facilitation (defined as a binocular response greater than the sum of the monocular responses) and changes in latency (shortening of binocular VEP latency as compared to that of monocular VEPs). Monocular and binocular steady-state VEPs in response to phase-alternating gratings of different contrast and both spatial and temporal frequency were recorded in three normal subjects. Fourier analysis of the responses was performed to isolate the component at the reversal frequency. Binocular VEPs showed facilitation in the low-contrast range (3{\%}-10{\%}). Facilitation was highest for gratings that had spatial frequency of 0.6-2 cycles/degree (c/d), alternating at 16 reversals per second. Phase shortening was found across a parameter range larger than that at which amplitude facilitation occurred. These results suggest that both amplitude facilitation and phase shortening in binocular VEPs may provide an objective measure of binocular visual function in clinical ophthalmology.",
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N2 - A correlate of binocular-neuron activity was found in some properties of visual evoked potentials (VEPs), such as facilitation (defined as a binocular response greater than the sum of the monocular responses) and changes in latency (shortening of binocular VEP latency as compared to that of monocular VEPs). Monocular and binocular steady-state VEPs in response to phase-alternating gratings of different contrast and both spatial and temporal frequency were recorded in three normal subjects. Fourier analysis of the responses was performed to isolate the component at the reversal frequency. Binocular VEPs showed facilitation in the low-contrast range (3%-10%). Facilitation was highest for gratings that had spatial frequency of 0.6-2 cycles/degree (c/d), alternating at 16 reversals per second. Phase shortening was found across a parameter range larger than that at which amplitude facilitation occurred. These results suggest that both amplitude facilitation and phase shortening in binocular VEPs may provide an objective measure of binocular visual function in clinical ophthalmology.

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