Binding Studies on a Library of Induced-Fit Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors with Mannoside Selectivity

Kalanidhi Palanichamy, M. Fernando Bravo, Milan A. Shlain, Frank Schiro, Yasir Naeem, Mateusz Marianski, Adam Braunschweig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthetic carbohydrate receptors could serve as agents for disease detection, drug delivery, or even therapeutics, however, they are rarely used for these applications because they bind weakly and with a preference towards the all-equatorial glucosides that are not prevalent on the cell surface. Herein the binding of 8 receptors with 5 distinct octyloxy pyranosides, which was measured by mass spectrometry and by 1H NMR titrations in CD2Cl2 at 298 K, is reported, providing binding affinities that vary from ≈101–104 m−1. Although the receptors are promiscuous, 1 shows selectivity for β-Man at a ratio of 103:1 β-Man:β-Gal, receptors 2–4 and 6 have preference for α-Man, 5 is selective for β-Gal, and 10 prefers α-Glc (Man=mannose; Gal=galactose, Glc=glucose). A variety of 1D and 2D NMR, and computational techniques were used to determine the thermodynamic binding parameters (ΔHo and ΔSo) and the structure of the host–guest complex, revealing that dimeric receptor 10 binds β-Man with increased enthalpy, but a larger entropic penalty than 1. The first-principles modelling suggests that 10⋅β-Man forms an inclusion-type complex where the glycan engages both monomeric subunits of 10 through H-bonding and C−H⋅⋅⋅π interactions. Like natural glycan-binding proteins, these receptors bind pyranosides by accessing multivalent and cooperative interactions, and these studies suggest a new approach towards biomimetic synthetic carbohydrate receptors, where conformational flexibility and promiscuity are incorporated into design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13971-13982
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume24
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mannosides
Carbohydrates
Polysaccharides
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Glucosides
Biomimetics
Mannose
Titration
Galactose
Drug delivery
Mass spectrometry
Glucose
Enthalpy
Carrier Proteins
Thermodynamics
4-glucopyranosylmannose

Keywords

  • carbohydrates
  • glycobiology
  • host–guest interactions
  • supramolecular chemistry
  • synthetic lectins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Palanichamy, K., Bravo, M. F., Shlain, M. A., Schiro, F., Naeem, Y., Marianski, M., & Braunschweig, A. (2018). Binding Studies on a Library of Induced-Fit Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors with Mannoside Selectivity. Chemistry - A European Journal, 24(52), 13971-13982. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201803317

Binding Studies on a Library of Induced-Fit Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors with Mannoside Selectivity. / Palanichamy, Kalanidhi; Bravo, M. Fernando; Shlain, Milan A.; Schiro, Frank; Naeem, Yasir; Marianski, Mateusz; Braunschweig, Adam.

In: Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 24, No. 52, 18.09.2018, p. 13971-13982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Palanichamy, K, Bravo, MF, Shlain, MA, Schiro, F, Naeem, Y, Marianski, M & Braunschweig, A 2018, 'Binding Studies on a Library of Induced-Fit Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors with Mannoside Selectivity', Chemistry - A European Journal, vol. 24, no. 52, pp. 13971-13982. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201803317
Palanichamy, Kalanidhi ; Bravo, M. Fernando ; Shlain, Milan A. ; Schiro, Frank ; Naeem, Yasir ; Marianski, Mateusz ; Braunschweig, Adam. / Binding Studies on a Library of Induced-Fit Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors with Mannoside Selectivity. In: Chemistry - A European Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 24, No. 52. pp. 13971-13982.
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