Binding of endostatin to human ovarian cancer cells inhibits cell attachment

Yumi Yokoyama, S. Ramakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endostatin, a C-terminal fragment of collagen type XVIII, is one of the well-characterized endogenous inhibitors of angiogenesis. Endostatin is known to bind integrin α5β1, which is upregulated on tumor endothelium. Most of the ovarian cancer cells express significant amounts of α5β1 integrin, which is important for ovarian cancer cells to attach to the peritoneal wall. Therefore we investigated whether endostatin could directly bind ovarian cancer cells and inhibit tumor cell attachment to extracellular matrix. Binding of endostatin to ovarian cancer cells was characterized by preincubation with function blocking antibodies to integrin subunits. These studies showed that ovarian cancer cell attachment to fibronectin-coated wells can be inhibited by α5β 1 integrin specific antibodies as well as endostatin. Downregulation of integrin α5 and β1 by siRNA abrogated the binding of OVCAR5 and human umbilical vein endothelial cell to endostatin. Although endostatin treatment did not affect ovarian cancer cell migration, treated cells failed to attach mouse peritoneal wall preparations. These studies suggest an extra-antiangiogenic role for endostatin, which can be used prevent peritoneal attachment and dissemination of ovarian cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2402-2409
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume121
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Angiostatin
  • Endostatin
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Peritoneal dissemination
  • Tumor angiogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Binding of endostatin to human ovarian cancer cells inhibits cell attachment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this