The binding-induced fluorescence of 4-(4-(dimethylamino)-phenyl)-1- methylpyridinium (APP+) and two new serotonin transporter (SERT)-binding fluorescent analogues, 1-butyl-4-[4-(1-dimethylamino)phenyl]- pyridinium bromide (BPP+) and 1-methyl-4-[4-(1-piperidinyl)phenyl]- pyridinium (PPP+), has been investigated. Optical spectroscopy reveals that these probes are highly sensitive to their chemical microenvironment, responding to variations in polarity with changes in transition energies and responding to changes in viscosity or rotational freedom with emission enhancements. Molecular docking calculations reveal that the probes are able to access the nonpolar and conformationally restrictive binding pocket of SERT. As a result, the probes exhibit previously not identified binding-induced turn-on emission that is spectroscopically distinct from dyes that have accumulated intracellularly. Thus, binding and transport dynamics of SERT ligands can be resolved both spatially and spectroscopically.
- induced fit docking
- quantum polarized ligand docking
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Cognitive Neuroscience