Binary object representation and recognition using the Hilbert morphological skeleton transform

Essam A. El-Kwae, Mansur R. Kabuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


A binary shape representation called the Hilbert Morphological Skeleton Transform (HMST) is introduced. This representation combines the Morphological Skeleton Transform (MST) with the clustering capabilities of the Hilbert transform. The HMST preserves the skeleton properties including information preservation, progressive visualization and compact representation. Then, an object recognition algorithm, the Hilbert Skeleton Matching Algorithm (HSMA), is introduced. This algorithm performs a single sweep over the HMSTs and renders the similarity between them as a distance measure. Testing the HSMA against the Skeleton Matching algorithm (SMA) and invariant moments revealed that the HSMA algorithm achieves slightly better object recognition rates while substantially reducing the complexity. In an experiment of 14,400 shape matches, the HSMA achieved a 90.36% recognition rate as opposed to 89.76% for the SMA and 89.49% for invariant moments. On the other hand, the HSMA improved the SMA processing more than 40%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1621-1636
Number of pages16
JournalPattern Recognition
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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