Bilateral retinal hemorrhages from megaloblastic anemia: case report and review of literature.

S. Lam, B. L. Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 33-year-old woman who was a chronic alcohol abuser and had bilateral visual loss was found to have megaloblastic anemia with thrombocytopenia. Both fundi showed retinal venular dilatation and tortuosity, superficial and deep intraretinal hemorrhages, white-centered retinal hemorrhages, and optic disc edema. Her megaloblastic anemia was caused by vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies, resulting from an inadequate diet and alcohol abuse. The retinal changes were believed to be the result of the severe anemia and thrombocytopenia. Both the megaloblastic anemia and retinal changes resolved promptly after she received vitamin B12 and folate supplements. This case shows that megaloblastic anemia should be suspected as a cause of bilateral retinal hemorrhages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-90
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of ophthalmology
Volume24
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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