Bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis caused by vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis in a neonate

Nidhi Relhan, Thomas Albini, Avinash Pathengay, Harry W. Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Neonatal bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis is rare and often results in devastating visual outcome. Findings: An 18-day-old neonate presented with whitening of the cornea in the left eye. The child was examined under anesthesia, and a diagnosis of bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis was made. Vitreous biopsy from the left eye showed no growth. Blood samples showed growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis which was multidrug resistant (including vancomycin) but sensitive to piperacillin-tazobactam. The patient was managed with bilateral intravitreal injections of piperacillin-tazobactam and systemic cefpodoxime. Systemic and topical antibiotics were given for 3 and 8 weeks, respectively, and infection was controlled. At 2-year follow-up, the right eye is fixing and following to light with clear view of the fundus and the left eye has a clear cornea with red glow of the fundus. Conclusions: Vancomycin-resistant S. epidermidis may be a cause of endogenous endophthalmitis. Intravitreal piperacillin-tazobactam and systemic cefpodoxime were used to eliminate the infection in this neonate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2015

Keywords

  • Endogenous endophthalmitis
  • Neonatal endophthalmitis
  • Vancomycin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Infectious Diseases

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