Early surgical removal of a dysplastic hemisphere appears to be beneficial for neonates with hemimegalencephaly and medically resistant seizures. We analyzed the changes in the cerebral regional oxygen saturation index in a neonate with tuberous sclerosis and right hemimegalencephaly (1) during seven episodes of right hemisphere electroencephalographic status epilepticus with and without clinical manifestations and (2) after right hemispherectomy. The cerebral regional oxygen saturation index demonstrated marked fluctuations and progressive decline in both hemispheres during the episodes and normal values in the remaining hemisphere after surgery. We speculate that decreased oxygenation of the nonepileptic cerebral hemisphere in patients with hemimegalencephaly and medically resistant seizures can contribute to the production of global neurologic impairments in these patients and that the benefits of early hemispherectomy are due to the improved oxygenation of the nondysplastic hemisphere following surgery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of child neurology|
|State||Published - May 1 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology