Background: Alport syndrome is a combination of proteinuria, hematuria, and neurosensory high-frequency deafness. Bilateral anterior lenticonus may be a late sign. Diagnosis relies on characteristic electron microscopy changes of glomerular basement membranes in renal biopsy specimens. Patient: A 38-year-old man was seen for progressive visual acuity loss (20/400 OU; best-corrected visual acuity, 20/60 OD and 20/50 OS). Findings from slitlamp examination included bilateral anterior lenticonus and central posterior subcapsular cataract, documented using a modified Scheimpflug imaging system. Retinal pathology was not present. On detailed questioning, a history of microhematuria and proteinuria since childhood and progressive high frequency deafness for years were discovered. The family history was negative for nephropathies, deafness, or eye diseases. Cataract extraction rehabilitated the patient's vision. Results: Electron microscopy of a fragile capsulorhexis specimen showed typical thinned basal lamina with basement membrane disruptions. Conclusions: Anterior lenticonus is a rare bilateral progressive developmental anomaly. More than 90% of cases are associated with Alport syndrome. For diagnosis or Alport syndrome, the presence of 3 of 4 criteria is required: family history positive for Alport syndrome, progressive intra- auricular deafness, characteristic eye anomalies, and positive findings from glomerular ultrastructural examination. We believe that ultrastructural proof of anterior lenticonus may also be provided in the lens capsule.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Archives of ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2000|
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