Bifurcation analysis in a host-generalist parasitoid model with Holling II functional response

Chuang Xiang, Jicai Huang, Shigui Ruan, Dongmei Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper we study a host-generalist parasitoid model with Holling II functional response where the generalist parasitoids are introduced to control the invasion of the hosts. It is shown that the model can undergo a sequence of bifurcations including cusp, focus and elliptic types degenerate Bogdanov-Takens bifurcations of codimension three, and a degenerate Hopf bifurcation of codimension at most two as the parameters vary, and the model exhibits rich dynamics such as the existence of multiple coexistent steady states, multiple coexistent periodic orbits, homoclinic orbits, etc. Moreover, there exists a critical value for the carrying capacity of generalist parasitoids such that: (i) when the carrying capacity of the generalist parasitoids is smaller than the critical value, the invading hosts can always persist despite of the predation by the generalist parasitoids, i.e., the generalist parasitoids cannot control the invasion of hosts; (ii) when the carrying capacity of the generalist parasitoids is larger than the critical value, the invading hosts either tend to extinction or persist in the form of multiple coexistent steady states or multiple coexistent periodic orbits depending on the initial populations, i.e., whether the invasion can be stopped and reversed by the generalist parasitoids depends on the initial populations; (iii) in both cases, the generalist parasitoids always persist. Numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the theoretical results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation
  • Extinction
  • Hopf bifurcation
  • Host-parasitoid model
  • Invasion
  • Persistence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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