Biculturalism dynamics: A daily diary study of bicultural identity and psychosocial functioning

Seth J. Schwartz, Alan Meca, Colleen Ward, Ágnes Szabó, Verónica Benet-Martínez, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, Gillian Albert Sznitman, Cory L. Cobb, José Szapocznik, Jennifer B. Unger, Miguel Ángel Cano, Jaimee Stuart, Byron L. Zamboanga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


We examined two conceptualizations of bicultural identity – the Bicultural Identity Integration (BII) framework (cultural identity blendedness-distance and harmony-conflict) and cultural hybridizing and alternating (mixing one's two cultural identities and/or switching between them). Utilizing data from a 12-day diary study with 873 Hispanic college students, we examined three research questions: (1) cross-sectional and longitudinal intercorrelations among these biculturalism components, (2) links among daily variability in these biculturalism components, and (3) how this daily variability predicts well-being and mental health outcomes over time. Bicultural hybridizing was positively related to, and longitudinally predicted by, both BII blendedness and harmony. Daily fluctuation scores for BII blendedness, BII harmony, and bicultural hybridizing were strongly interrelated. Well-being was negatively predicted by fluctuations in hybridizing, whereas internalizing symptoms were positively predicted by fluctuations in blendedness. These results are discussed in terms of what biculturalism is and how best to promote it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-37
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
StatePublished - May 1 2019


  • Biculturalism
  • Daily diary
  • Longitudinal
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Biculturalism dynamics: A daily diary study of bicultural identity and psychosocial functioning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this