Bicalutamide in the treatment of advanced prostatic carcinoma: A phase II multicenter trial

Mark S. Soloway, Paul F. Schellhammer, Joseph A. Smith, Gerald W. Chodak, Gerard T. Kennealey

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Abstract

Objectives. The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of the nonsteroidal antiandrogen bicalutamide were investigated in a Phase II trial in 150 patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Methods. Patients took bicalutamide, 50 mg daily, in an open-label multicenter North American trial. Results. The objective response rate (modified European Organization on Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] criteria) was 70% (57% partial, 13% stable); 59 (39%) of 150 patients had either a >90% decrease in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels or a decline to <4 ng/mL Extent of disease on the bone scan was a significant predictor of response. Patients with <6 metastatic lesions were more likely to respond. Breast pain and gynecomastia occurred in 76% and 60% of patients, respectively. Gastrointestinal toxicity was very infrequent (diarrhea, 5%) The mean drug plasma concentration was 8528 (±2928) ng/mL. Conclusions. Bicalutamide, 50 mg daily, was well tolerated and has efficacy in metastatic prostate cancer. The percentage of men who had >90% decline in PSA levels is less than observed with surgical or medical castration and has led to trials using this antiandrogen at higher doses as monotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-37
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume47
Issue number1 SUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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Soloway, M. S., Schellhammer, P. F., Smith, J. A., Chodak, G. W., & Kennealey, G. T. (1996). Bicalutamide in the treatment of advanced prostatic carcinoma: A phase II multicenter trial. Urology, 47(1 SUPPL. 1), 33-37.